Ghumura In the Culture of Kalahandi | BSMJ Sambalpuri

Kalahandi Ghumura 

"Ghumu Ghumu Ghumu Ghumura Baja
Ghumura bhitre Ghumra Raja"

Our Kalahandi is full of natural beauty. As a child of this land, one can tell the wonderful environment around it. Kalahandi, a place where life is surrounded by wild hills, animals, and birds. Here People as eager to make a living, The same eager to do cultural festivals and entertainment. After work, rest is essential. There are so many hidden cultural gems it's hard to count. If we add what is the culture of Kalahandi, and if we want to add some then drums, customs, dances, songs, festivals, weddings, etc. are part of it. Although Ghumura is a dance, it is an important part of Kalahandi culture.

Ghumura Dance

Why was this instrument named Ghumura? If notice, we can see the word Ghumura taken from the Kalahandia word Ghumuri. Also, it is believed that the name is because of the sound Ghumu Ghumu is produced while playing the instrument.

It is believed that at that time the state of Lanka fort Ravana's heroic warriors used to play Ghumura in battle. Later the prestigious Purushottam Sriram’s army i.e. The tribal Girijans brought it to the state.

At Junagadh in Kalahandi, on the Lankeshwari's pedestal, On the day they place the sword, by old rituals, They worship Ghumura and perform at Maa Lankeshwari temple On the day of Chitalagi Amabasya. Everyone can see the image of Ghumura on the stone body of Konark in Odisha and On the gold coins found at Asurgarh near Narla in Kalahandi, Ghumura was also seen.

There is a special costume arrangement for this dance performance or Ghumura Nritya. The dancer, dressed in a dhoti pajama, dances on wearing a peacock feather. The one who plays Madal also show off their gowns beautifully. The singer also wears a white robe and sings. The Performers sometimes add some words according to the song and occasionally chant "Ho" or "Agyan".

The number of performers in a Ghumura team is usually between 13 to 23. The Ghumra players are usually 12 (6+6)or 18 (9+9), a  peacock feather holder, a Nisan holder, and one or two Jhanjh holders, a singer in a ghumura team. Although Ghumura was used to the playing of heroic victory, it can be used to show love and other emotions. In the east of Gumura, there was a certain costume, but now artists are wearing various attractive costumes.

This Ghumura instrument looks like a soil pit. Around are 22 inches in circumference and 4 inches on the black spot of the front face. Nishan is a semicircular musical instrument that is covered with leather and the sentence is displayed by playing the tea leaf tea. Jhanj is a bronze plate.

Many individuals have contributed to the development and expansion of Ghumura. Also with the encouragement of many villagers during many festivals like Durga Puja, Ghumura became close to different people.

Ghumura is not limited to only limited to Kalahandi, it is well known around the world today. Since the ninth Asian Games, many countries have been acclaimed for performing these percussion instruments abroad.

Tags: Kalahandi Ghumura, Ghumura song, ghumura song which district,famous ghumura dance.


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